Recovery Training

Soft skills for between the hard bits

If you've been hard at it since the start of the year, then you're reaching a critical point. You can either keep pushing and extending what you're doing, to the point of injury or apathy, or you can take a moment to consolidate the excellent work you've done so far, kindle your mojo and plan your next move.

Training plans often focus on the importance of long runs, speed work, hill training and other tough sessions, but the unassuming gaps in between don't get much time in the limelight. But they are the yang to the yin, the Wise to the Morecambe - the straight man that makes the funny man look that much better.

We are all accustomed to pushing ourselves in our training - a controlled amount of extra effort is part of the process of improving. But without a corresponding focus on recovery, your train will very soon head off the tracks. You can see this imbalance in your local gym, buzzing with enthusiasm in January, but thinned out during February.

Effort and recovery are intertwined in every element of our running and at every scale. From heartbeats, inhalations and strides; through warm ups and cool downs; run-walks and intervals; recovery runs, rest days, cut-back weeks and tapers; right up to those magical periods where your training has peaked, and those darker times when your mojo has deserted you.

There's a clear cycle. We make an effort, we get tired, we recover, and then we do it again. If the balance is right, our bodies go through the process of adaptation, tooling us up with everything we need to reach our higher goals. We build stronger muscles; better systems for blood flow and the processing of the chemical by-products of exercise; we replenish our energy stores, and rebuild the mental will to continue.

Recovery begins as soon as you let it. Your body is at its most receptive immediately after exercise, as it seeks to replace everything it has used up. Eating carbohydrates within the first hour after your session is the ideal way to help refuel your muscles, and similarly, a quick intake of protein will help to rebuild damaged muscle fibres.

If you've ever stood on the scales after a hard session, you'll have seen how much fluid you can lose - and replacing it is key to ensuring your body recovers as quickly as possible. Drink regularly until your urine is pale yellow - if it's dark yellow, you're still dehydrated. And sweat isn't just water - it contains electrolytes that need replacing too. But they aren't a magical substance found only in sugary sports drinks - think sodium, chloride, calcium, potassium, magnesium, and you're half way to enjoying a peanut butter and banana sandwich.

A post-run stretch out is a great opportunity to check for sore spots and imbalances in your body - if you discover that one side of your body has become less flexible than the other, it could be the first sign of a problem. If you can get to a sports massage therapist, they can often feel tightness in muscles that you've either not noticed or learned to ignore. If you can't afford a regular treatment, then save up for a special treat after a hard period of training or a big race.

Our bodies are smarter than we sometimes give them credit for - so try not to interfere with the natural recovery process with anti-inflammatories unless you're really struggling. However, hosing down your legs with cold water, or alternating warm and cold can help - the theory being that closing and opening the blood vessels is a way to stimulate the flushing of waste products from your muscles.

It's well-documented that a lot of elite athletes will fit an afternoon nap in between their twice-a-day training schedules - and whilst you might not have that luxury, the importance of sleep as an aid to recovery should be obvious. Natural hormones are released that help the process of repairing and strengthening bones and muscles - so when you're planning your training, make sure you plan plenty of sleep too.

No matter how many times you run each week, you can also shift things around to maximise your recovery time. For example, if you do a hard session on a Monday morning, and need to train on Wednesday, try to schedule your Wednesday session for later in the day, to maximise the rest period.

There are several schools of thought when it comes to 'active' recovery i.e. using further exercise to help you overcome a hard session. A gentle run can stimulate blood flow to tired muscles, helping to flush out waste products that can contribute to soreness and inflammation. However, it's also worth considering that a recovery run on tired legs can be a way of encouraging your body to cope with fatigue. Either way, it's important not to overdo it, for reasons that should be obvious by now.

In the Internet age, it's easy to surround yourself with other runners who are collectively achieving some amazing things - and it's tempting to push your own training in order to feel worthy. But it's important to listen to your own body, and not to try to keep up with anyone else.

Over-training is one of the most common problems amongst runners. There are lots of symptoms, including: loss of enthusiasm, tiredness, soreness, bad moods, poor concentration, changes in sleep patterns, loss of appetite, loss of libido, increased number of colds / infections, and an elevated resting heart rate. If this sounds like you, then it could be time to pay more attention to the importance of recovery.

If you enjoyed this article, please share it with your friends:

Leave a comment...

  • having just run 18 miles for the first time in ages this article was a timely reminder to make sure i don't overdo things. I know many runners run too fast - especially long runs - in training and it is so easy to get a twinge or more serious injury from overexerting. i'm off for a peanut butter sandwich.....
  • I am a good ad fopr hoe not to do it.I really must make more effort.or less effort.Or something.Sleep would be a start
  • I must admit I struggle on a rest day- my body enjoys the rest but my mind doesnt!!! - great article :)
  • Thanks for that Fetch.It works too! :)
  • Cracking read Fetch - after two or so weeks out after 'overdoing' it I'm reading this with my feet up after a 13 miler, good reminder to not push it all the time.
  • Helpful article, thanks.
  • I love my rest days
  • Cold water after a hard session is a good idea.
  • Really useful information. Thank you.
  • great read - great information and a reminder of things we should take heed of - knowing and remembering to do doesnt always go hand-in-hand - so a quick summary dose always helps - thanks :) ...the last 2 symptoms mentions resounded particulary with the last 6 months - and this reminder comes at a great point as i return to runnning :)
  • I don't work hard enough for rest days :)
  • Great article and perfectly timed after a hard month of training. Its easy to forget the importance of rest, especially when training is going so well.
  • As usual an inspiring, insightful and timely article. Thank you for the reminder that rest is good (ish)!
  • Some good points that make a lot of sense.
  • Some good points that make a lot of sense.
  • Your article is just too late! I pulled a muscle in my calf.
  • Any article that give advise on being more lazy is a winner in my book :)
  • Great stuff as ever Fetch. :-)G
  • I do a yoga session once a week, but also have rest days. Going back to your para rd. Imbalance in the body, yoga is great for stretching out and rebalancing.
  • Great article! Training for my first marathon and trying to make sure I strike the right balance between pushing myself & taking the foot off the pedal. I guess the fact I'm conscious of it is half the battle, plus knowing it's a personal thing. This article helps keep it at the forefront of my mind. Best sleep as it's nearly midnight :)
  • Great article - ran a hard XC on Sunday and was short on my long run - went for a walk and opted to rest rather than run an extra four miles. Rested yesterday and now looking forward to medium intervals tonight having rested nicely.
  • Good article, sometimes a day off can do more good than pushing yourself out through the door because you feel you have to. And listening to your is definitely the best way to try and avoid injuries.
  • GReat advice.
  • Great article, but this was taken from the latest issue of Runners World!! Cheeky cheeky. :)
  • Well if you contribute to the magazine itself then its all good of course :)
  • I wrote the one in RW.
To comment, you need to sign in or sign up!

Picture: Getty Images / Mario Loiselle

Monthly Summary

A brand new shareable infographic showing a colourful breakdown of your training month.

Marathon Prediction

We delve deeper to give you greater insights when working out your goal marathon time.

Pre-race Training Analysis

See your accumulated mileage in the weeks leading up to any event in your portfolio, and compare it to your other performances

Your 365 Day Totals

Peaks and troughs in training aren't easy to find. Unless you use this graph. Find out what your peak training volume really is


See the fastest portions from all your training runs. Filter by time to give you recent bests to aim at. Every distance from 400m to marathon.

Fetch Everyone Running Club

Join our UKA-affiliated club for event discounts, London Marathon ballot places, the chance to get funded for coaching qualifications, and a warm feeling inside.

Back To Top

Free training & racing tools for runners, cyclists, swimmers & walkers.

Fetcheveryone lets you analyse your training, find races, plot routes, chat in our forum, get advice, play games - and more! Nothing is behind a paywall, and it'll stay that way thanks to our awesome community!
Get Started
Click here to join 111,796 Fetchies!
Already a Fetchie? Sign in here